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Island of Marajó
Surrounded by fresh and salt water - from the Amazon and Tocantins rivers and from the Atlantic Ocean, Marajo is the largest river-sea island in the world, with an area of about 50,000 square kilometers. It is the phenomenon result formed by gigantic waves where the waters of the River Amazon met the sea.

Marajo has two seasons: the very rainy one from January to June and the dry from July to December. The island's few roads are elevated three meters. Marajo is supported by the herd of buffaloes and zebus which wander the fields and are well adapted to the wetland conditions.

Marajo is inhabited by various native groups that found the large island an ideal environment for living and for making pottery, decorated with a series of geometrical designs. A great variety of this material was uncovered on the island of Marajo and is now to be found in museums in Europe and North America. The collections consist of vases, funeral urns, pans, plates, pitchers and elaborately decorated pots.

The Arua tribe, originating from the Antilles, was known as being the largest on the island as well as the bravest in its encounters with the Portuguese. Its native culture went back two thousand five hundred years and would have lasted into the eighteenth century had the tribe not started to become scattered across the River Amazon region until it disappeared completely; information about them is now confined to chroniclers' records of the period. The same happened in the case of the creative Tapajos tribe that lived at the mouth of the River Tapajós.

Marajo island is divided in two almost equal regions. The eastern half of the island is called the fields region.It is characterized by low-lying fields with savannah type flora, sectioned by strips of remaining forest along the rivers. Various varieties of palm trees and dense mangrove swamps line the coast. The island's western half, called the forest region, is covered by primary forest.

Many of the river beaches on the island of Marajó are characteristically long, Araruna extends for two kilometres, Pesqueiro thirteen and Caju Una, fifteen. One of the most popular for leisure purposes is the beach at Joanes, six hours by boat from Soure, one of the twelve communities on the island that also includes large estates for the rearing of buffalo, some of which offer tourist accommodation.

The island is filled with hundred of bird species such as egrets, flamingos, herons, parrots, ducks, hawks, toucans and the gracefull scarlet ibis with its long curved beak. The sight of a flock of deep-pink ibis flying against Marajo's green backgroung is unforgetable. Alligators, monkeys, capivaras and large anacondas complete the scene for a fantastic photo-safari.

Soure, the island's principal town, is a little city shaded by mango trees with oxen and buffalos grazing in the streets. Like others coastal cities, it is primarily a fishing village. Marajó is also a paradise for fishermen. You will catch the ferocious piranha or the one and half meter Pirarucu among others.

The best way to discover Marajó is through its Fazendas (ranch, farm). With the farmer as a guide, you can discover all the wildlife of the island. Visiting a water buffalo ranch, you will understand why this animal is so useful to the farmers: carrying cowboys, pulling carts and providing the ranch with its milk and meat.

If you are in the region, you must go! Please refer to our hotels.


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